Theoretical-Methodological Dilemmas and Choices for the Study of Media Systems. A Proposal for Economic-Political Reform Situations

Dasniel Olivera Pérez | Bio
Universidad Iberoamericana
José Refugio Arellano Sánchez | Bio
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México


Media system analysis requires establishing analytical simplifications addressing the unique, diverse, and contextualized nature of media around the world, especially in contexts where political change is contested and “discrepancies” with global processes are observed. This article draws on the context of Cuba during Raúl Castro's presidency (2006-2018) as a benchmark, aiming to identify dilemmas and theoretical-methodological options for the study of national media systems during periods of similar economic-political reforms. This contextual framework guides the strategy for searching, selecting, and retrieving information, employing a bibliographic-documentary review method. First, the article distinguishes and describes dilemmas related to the limits and centrality of politics, the relationship between the national and the transnational, the relationship between structure and agency, and the relevance of the cultural dimension. Then, it argues for three methodological strategies whose integration would address the aforementioned dilemmas, the complexity of studying a media system, the distinction of emerging interpretive frameworks, and the socialization of knowledge: the historical[1]spatial-temporal perspective, analytical regeneration, orientation towards the discursive, and knowledge representation. Conclusions highlight the relevance of applying a comparative approach to integrate the different strategies, and the positioning regarding the described issues is distinguished from a contextual, relational, changing, diverse, and interactive perspective between boundaries, actors, and structures.


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How to Cite
Olivera Pérez, D., & Arellano Sánchez, J. R. (2024). Theoretical-Methodological Dilemmas and Choices for the Study of Media Systems. A Proposal for Economic-Political Reform Situations. Anagramas Rumbos Y Sentidos De La Comunicación, 23(45), 1-22.


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