Efectos de las variables macroeconómicas e institucionales en el desempleo: análisis para Europa (1985-2011)

Ana Cristina Mingorance-Arnáiz, Antonio Calvo-Bernardino, Begoña Barruso-Castillo

Resumen


Este trabajo evalúa la influencia de las variables macroeconómicas e institucionales en la tasa de desempleo de 14 países de la Unión Europea. Se recurre a un modelo de datos de panel para el período 1985-2011. El mismo permite concluir sobre qué variables macroeconómicas e institucionales puede resultar más adecuado actuar para mejorar la respuesta del mercado de trabajo a los problemas económicos. Del análisis se concluye que la protección excesiva a los trabajadores, el salario mínimo interprofesional, la centralización en la negociación salarial y las elevadas cotizaciones empresariales a la Seguridad Social, así como la escasa competencia en el mercado de productos, pueden explicar, en parte, las mayores tasas de desempleo que presentan algunos países de la Unión Europea.


Palabras clave


Mercado laboral; tasa de desempleo; regulación del mercado de trabajo; regulación del mercado de productos; datos de panel; Europa

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22395/seec.v20n42a1

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