Exportaciones y crecimiento económico en México, 2007-2014: una aproximación a la cointegracion con datos de panel

Palabras clave: Exportaciones, crecimiento económico, impactos económicos de globalización, producto interno bruto, cointegración con datos de panel, México.

Resumen

La economía mexicana ha experimentado un crecimiento significativo en las exportaciones como resultado de la mayor integración económica entre México y los Estados Unidos de América. El objetivo de este artículo es evaluar el papel de las exportaciones en el crecimiento económico de México con el fin de determinar si la expansión en las exportaciones ha generado efectos dinámicos sobre el crecimiento general de la economía mexicana. La metodología aplicada in-cluye un modelo de cointegración que estima la relación entre las exportaciones y el crecimiento del PIB de la economía mexicana, utilizando datos de exportaciones y del PIB suministrados por el Banco de Información Económica del Instituto Mexicano de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Los resultados muestran efectos positivos, pero débiles, de las exportaciones en el crecimiento económico regional de México.

  • Biografía del autor/a

    Jorge Eduardo Mendoza Cota, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte

    Economista, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Méjico, México. Ph. D. en Economía, Universidad de Utah, Utah, Estados Unidos. Profesor e investigador, Departamento de Economía, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, Tijuana, Baja California, México. Dirección: Km. 18.5 Highway Tijuana-Ensenada, San Antonio del Mar, Tijuana, BC. CP. 22560. Correo electrónico: emendoza@colef.mx

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Publicado
2018-02-26
Sección
Artículo de investigación