Uso de escorias de alto horno y acero en mezclas asfálticas: revisión

  • Hugo Alexander Rondón Quintana Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas
  • Marcio Muniz de Farias Universidade de Brasília
    http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5257-911X
  • Fredy Alberto Reyes Lizcano Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
    http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6407-168X
Palabras clave: escoria de alto horno; escoria de acero; mezclas asfálticas; medioambiente

Resumen

En la fabricación de mezclas asfálticas se consumen grandes cantidades de agregados pétreos de origen natural lo que impacta negativamente el ambiente. Estos agregados pueden ser sustituidos parcial o totalmente por otros que son desechados en escombreras y producidos por las compañías siderúrgicas, como las escorias de alto horno (BFS) y acero (SS). Estos dos últimos materiales poseen propiedades químicas y físicas que los hacen aptos para ser utilizados en múltiples aplicaciones como la construcción, mantenimiento y rehabilitación de carreteras. En el artículo se presenta una revisión del estado del conocimiento del empleo de BFS y SS en la producción de mezclas asfálticas, se describen y definen ambos materiales, se presenta la problemática ambiental, su riesgo toxicológico de uso, sus propiedades químicas y físicas, las ventajas y limitaciones de uso y la forma como han sido estudiados para ser empleados como agregados pétreos de mezclas asfálticas. Con base en la revisión bibliográfica realizada, los autores al final del artículo exponen algunas recomendaciones para continuar los estudios tendientes a sustituir agregados pétreos naturales por BFS y SS en la fabricación de mezclas asfálticas.

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  • Biografía del autor

    Hugo Alexander Rondón Quintana, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas

    Doctor en Ingeniería. Universidad Distrital “Francisco José de Caldas”. Facultad del Medio Ambiente y Recursos
    Naturales. Grupo de investigación Centro de Estudios en Pavimentos y Materiales Sostenibles. Carrera 5 Este
    N.° 15-82, sede El Vivero, Teléfono: (+57) 310 8687715. Correo electrónico: harondonq@udistrital.edu.co.

    Marcio Muniz de Farias, Universidade de Brasília

    Doctor of Philosophy. Universidade de Brasília. Faculdade de Tecnologia, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro,
    Brasília —CEP 70910-900. Teléfono: (+55) 61 99970-5484. Correo electrónico: muniz@unb.br. Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5257-911X

    Fredy Alberto Reyes Lizcano, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

    Ph. D. en Ingeniería. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Grupo de investigación Cecata. Calle 40 carrera 7ª, Bogotá,
    Colombia. Teléfono (+57) 13208320 ext. 5270. Correo electrónico: fredy.reyes@javeriana.edu.co. Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6407-168X

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Publicado
2018-03-04
Cómo citar
Rondón Quintana, H., Muniz de Farias, M., & Reyes Lizcano, F. (2018, marzo 4). Uso de escorias de alto horno y acero en mezclas asfálticas: revisión. REVISTA INGENIERíAS UNIVERSIDAD DE MEDELLíN, 17(33), 71-97. https://doi.org/10.22395/rium.v17n33a4
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